To Open An

How Justified Were President Lincolnís Wartime Dec
How Justified Were President Lincolnís Wartime Dec
How Justified Were President Lincolnís Wartime Decisions? In a time of war, it is necessary for the President to enforce limits on the power of individuals. President Lincoln was entirely justified in limiting rights during the wartime situation to protect the nation. It was also necessary for him to increase the size of the federal army in order for the North to have any possibility of winning the war. Lincoln had to do all that he could to keep the Border States, each of which the Union could
The Reconstruction Era
The Reconstruction Era
The Reconstruction Era The Civil War was one of the bloodiest wars in American history. Its damage to America was profound. It tore at the very fiber of America itself. The Reconstruction Era however was as damaging to America as the Civil War itself. Its damage has its roots in the reasons America went to civil war. In the time leading up to the Civil War the south was unhappy so they decided to leave the Union. They thought it was okay to leave if they were unhappy, while the North thought it
History of the Newspaper
History of the Newspaper
History of the Newspaper Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. So wrote Thomas Jefferson to a friend in January 1787. The concept of the newspaper that the founding father of the American Declaration of Independence, so obdurately spoke of, had rested on a foundation that has lasted six hundred years. The modern newspaper, in comparison to that which had been fo
The greatest artist has no conception which a sin
The greatest artist has no conception which a sin
The greatest artist has no conception which a single block of marble does not potentially contain within its mass, but only a hand obedient to the mind can penetrate to this image. Michelangelo Buonarroti Michelangelo describes in the above quote what it is like to carve a likeness of a person out of a large block of marble. As we know from seeing his work, he did an excellent job with this task. Bernini did just as fine a job on his, but in a much different way as you will see in the followin
There are some things which cannot be learned
There are some things which cannot be learned
There are some things which cannot be learned quickly, and time, which is all we have, must be paid heavily for their acquiring. They are the simplest things, and because it takes a manís life to know them, the little now that each man gets from life, is very costly and the only heritage he has to leave. Ernest Hemingway Ernest Miller Papa Hemingway Ernest Hemingway is easily reconized by many scholars and outdoorsman because of his lifestyle. During his life he left a legacy for some and a
BARRON'S BOOK NOTES
BARRON'S BOOK NOTES
BARRON\'S BOOK NOTES ERICH MARIA REMARQUE\'S ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT ^^^^^^^^^^ERICH MARIA REMARQUE: THE AUTHOR AND HIS TIMES Born Erich Paul Remark on June 22, 1898, he grew up in a Roman Catholic family in Osnabruck in the province of Westphalia, Germany--a city in the northwest part of what is now West Germany. He adored his mother, Anna Maria, but was never close to his father, Peter. The First World War effectively shut him off from his sisters, Elfriede and Erna. Peter Remark, desce
Adventures of Huck Finn
Adventures of Huck Finn
Adventures of Huck Finn The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain 1. In the novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck Finn was the main character. The story was told through his eyes, and most of the events that took place happened around him. But some of these events would not have happened without other main characters as well, like Jim, Tom Sawyer, the King, or the Duke. Huckís personality at the start of the novel had changed gradually throughout the novel and until the end. At fir
Camelot: The Archetypal Environment
Camelot: The Archetypal Environment
Camelot: The Archetypal Environment In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, the setting plays an integral role in the meaning of the poem. The three settings are all inseparable from the events which take place there and the manner in which Gawain is affected by the inhabitants. Camelot, Lord Bertilak\'s castle and the Green Chapel and their characters are considerably distinct from each other, each affecting and appealing to Gawain in a particular way. Because of its many positive qualities and fam
Chapter 1
Chapter 1
Chapter 1 The chapter begins with German soldiers at rest after fourteen days of fierce battle on the Western Front. A double ration of food has been prepared so the soldiers are eating their fill. Paul Baumer, the protagonist and narrator of the novel, watches in amazement as his friends, Tjaden and Muller, eat another helping; he wonders where Tjaden puts all the food, for he is as thin as a rail. Baumer is only nineteen years of age. He enlisted in the German infantry because Kantorek, his hi
Is Feminism really a theme in Ibsenís, A Dollís Ho
Is Feminism really a theme in Ibsenís, A Dollís Ho
Is Feminism really a theme in Ibsenís, A Dollís House? In Ibsenís A Dollís House someone reading the book might say that feminism is a large theme in the story. But is it? I would have to say that it is. Throughout the play there are many examples of Torvald treating Nora badly and in a way insulting her because sheís a woman. He calls her little pet names, and says that sheís frail. Nora also does things according to what Torvald wants. Everything thing is done by his standards. He also doesnít
Women in Combat
Women in Combat
Women in Combat In the 1970ís, the services traditional attitude toward women was challenged; change was forced upon a reluctant establishment (Holm, 198). The decision to end the draft was the catalyst to such change. This decision allowed for womenísí participation in the armed forces in unprecedented numbers. The United States Armed Forces have more female numbers than any other nation in the world, both in actual numbers and in percentages (Holm, 1982). The drive for an all-volunteer force,
Woodstock, the Festival of the Flower Children, ha
Woodstock, the Festival of the Flower Children, ha
Woodstock, the Festival of the Flower Children, has had a huge impact upon the world that we live in now. Not only did it cause so much happiness and pain in 1969, but even in today\'s society, there are no signs of it fading away. The music of that generation began to fell music as a deeper thing; to them, it was wild, and its wildness freed them from cultural restraints, from the everyday strains that are placed on human beings. It took them to a point where people were free to be naked in pub
Gulliver's Travels - Gulliver's Crushed Spirit
Gulliver's Travels - Gulliver's Crushed Spirit
Gulliver\'s Travels - Gulliver\'s Crushed Spirit Although Gulliver\'s Travels by Jonathan Swift has long been thought of as a children\'s story, it is actually a dark satire on the fallacies of human nature. The four parts of the book are arranged in a planned sequence, to show Gulliver\'s optimism and lack of shame with the Lilliputians, decaying into his shame and disgust with humans when he is in the land of the Houyhnhmns. The Brobdingnagians are more hospitable than the Lilliputians, but Gu
The most potent form of criticism that a writer ca
The most potent form of criticism that a writer ca
The most potent form of criticism that a writer can use is satire. Satire is a form of irony wherein the speaker uses false praise in order to condemn an idea or event. Chaucer was a pioneer in the realms of English and criticism. He popularized the use of the satiric mask. A satiric mask is when the writer has the speaker like or support something for trivial and unjustifiable reasons. By having the speaker supporting things for all the wrong reasons the writer makes the situation absurd and it
America... land of the free and home of the brave;
America... land of the free and home of the brave;
America... land of the free and home of the brave; the utopian society which every European citizen desired to be a part of in the 18th and 19th centuries. The revolutionary ideas of The Age of Enlightenment such as democracy and universal male suffrage were finally becoming a reality to the philosophers and scholars that so elegantly dreamt of them. America was a playground for the ideas of these enlightened men. To Europeans, and the world for that matter, America had become a kind of mirage,
Hester Prynne, through the eyes of the Puritans, i
Hester Prynne, through the eyes of the Puritans, i
Hester Prynne, through the eyes of the Puritans, is an extreme sinner; she has gone against the Puritan ways, committing adultery. For this irrevocably harsh sin, she must wear a symbol of shame for the rest of her life. On the breast of her gown, in a fine red cloth surrounded by an elaborate embroidery and fantastic flourishes of gold thread, appeared the letter \'A.\' Hester\'s scarlet A serves as a public symbol of her private sin. Because Hester is able to declare her guilt openly, she is f
One theme present in Ernest Hemingway's short stor
One theme present in Ernest Hemingway's short stor
One theme present in Ernest Hemingway\'s short story, The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber, is that the way a person views his life can change completely in one fulfilling moment, if only for an instant. This is a story of a man\'s continuous display of cowardice, his wife\'s retaliatory love affair, and his recovery of integrity and pride as he bravely faces a charging buffalo. Francis Macomber is a prominent American businessman with a beautiful, dominating wife who holds the control and p
Sympathetic Hemingway
Sympathetic Hemingway
Sympathetic Hemingway The most striking feature of the short story Hills Like White Elephants is the manner in which it is told. It is not typical in the classical sense with an introduction, a development of the story and an end. Instead, we get some time in the life of two people, as if it were just a piece of a film where we have a lot to deduce. This tale does not get everything done for the reader; we only see the surface of what is going on. It leaves an open end because readers can have
OF MICE AND MEN
OF MICE AND MEN
OF MICE AND MEN KEY LITERARY ELEMENTS SETTING This book is set in two places. It starts beside a stream, close to the Salinas River, a few miles South of Soledad. It then moves to a ranch, where the major part of the story is set. At the end of the novel, the setting comes back to where it started. The stream introduces George and Lennie. They are on their way to a near-by ranch. The surrounding land is thick in vegetation and has its own wild life. Men frequent it, as there are ash piles made b
Tour of America
Tour of America
Tour of America In the early 1880ís, when Aestheticism was the rage and despair of literary London, Wilde established himself in social and artistic circles by his wit and flamboyance. Soon the periodical Punch made him the satiric object of its antagonism to the Aesthetes for what was considered their unmaculine devotion to art and in their comic opera Patience. Wilde agreed to lecture in the United States and Canada. Wilde was given the paradoxical opportunity to characterize and popularize th
Creativity in dreams
Creativity in dreams
creativity in dreams Creativity in Dreams The mind at its Creative Peak That which the dream shows is the shadow of such wisdom as exists in man, even if during his waking state he may know nothing about it..... We do not know it because we are fooling away our time with outward and perishing things, and are sleep in regard to that which is real within ourselves.-Paracles The quote on dreams, taken out of the novel by Ann Faraday entitled The Dream Game, sums up the necessity for the dream and
Are the pilgrims in The Canterbury Tales stereotyp
Are the pilgrims in The Canterbury Tales stereotyp
Are the pilgrims in The Canterbury Tales stereotypes, or fully developed characters? Discuss with reference to at least two tales. Though the characters in the Canterbury Tales are described vividly and often comically, it is not necessarily true that these characters are therefore stereotypes of The Middle ages. The intricate visual descriptions and the tales the characters tell help to direct the reader in finding a more accurate and realistic picture of the pilgrims, bringing into question th
Nationalism
Nationalism
Nationalism The rise of nationalism was very important in Africa. The national patricians and the establishment during colonial times meant the lose of their gained power and influences all which had had until now. The status quo until now meant had supported the colonial powers to change the economy, culture and the way of life for Africans. Of course, Africans never accepted colonial rule and destruction of their customs. Paradoxically, colonialism resulted in an awareness of consciousness amo
The Pamphleteers Protestant Champion: Viewing Oliv
The Pamphleteers Protestant Champion: Viewing Oliv
The Pamphleteers Protestant Champion: Viewing Oliver Cromwell Through the Media of his Day The years between 1640 and 1660 witnessed in England a greater outpouring of printed material than the country had seen since the first printing press had begun operating in the 1470s.1 The breakdown of government and Church censorship in the early 1640s was almost total until the mid-1650s when Oliver Cromwell as Lord Protector reimposed some controls. Not until the return of the Stuarts and their royal c
A Journey Though the Golden Gates of Promise
A Journey Though the Golden Gates of Promise
A Journey Though the Golden Gates of Promise Great controversy exists over the true promises of the Golden Gates in the United States. Discrimination occurs with different ethnic groups, but for those immigrants permitted into the country, the opportunities are excellent. The laws and practices established to control immigration into the United States limit the amount of poverty that can be present in the country. Without these important practices and laws created by the United States Congre
LABOR IN AMERICA
LABOR IN AMERICA
LABOR IN AMERICA By Ira Peck (Scholastic Inc.) The Industrial Revolution was dawning in the United States. At Lowell, Massachusetts, the construction of a big cotton mill began in 1821. It was the first of several that would be built there in the next 10 years. The machinery to spin and weave cotton into cloth would be driven by water power. All that the factory owners needed was a dependable supply of labor to tend the machines. As most jobs in cotton factories required neither great strength n
Lawrence’s works details how the mendicant o
Lawrence’s works details how the mendicant o
Lawrences works details how the mendicant orders arose before and during the thirteenth century. Europe supported the establishment of the church, implemented change and reform leading to heresy and separation. Lawrence regards the revolutionary situation (page 225), as one resulting partly by the growth of towns and the general population. Due to social changes within medieval Europe itself it sought control and threatened the stability of the Church and of the religious beliefs of the peopl
Beethoven
Beethoven
Beethoven Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany in 1770 to Johann van Beethoven and his wife, Maria Magdalena. He took his first music lessons from his father, who was tenor in the choir of the archbishop-elector of Cologne. His father was an unstable, yet ambitious man whose excessive drinking, rough temper and anxiety surprisingly did not diminish Beethovenís love for music. He studied and performed with great success, despite becoming the breadwinner of his household by the time he was 18 years
According to the story, David openly trusted in Go
According to the story, David openly trusted in Go
According to the story, David openly trusted in God when he went to fight against Goliath the giant. But the question is, why did he pick up five stones, did he think he would miss? To understand why David fought against Goliath, we need to know what brought them on the battlefield. At that time the Philistines were at war with the Israelites and Goliath daily challenged the Israelite army to a winner-take-all dual. Then champion came out from the armies of the Philistines named Goliath, from G
Elizabeth was the unwanted daughter of King Henry
Elizabeth was the unwanted daughter of King Henry
Elizabeth was the unwanted daughter of King Henry VIII, the king who killed her mother, because she did not bear a son. Elizabeth grew up in a country at war with it self in the wake of King Henryís religious reforms. Through no fault of her own, Elizabeth was cast aside by her own father; resulting in a lonely childhood and adolescence. While her half sister Mary I was queen, as a young women Elizabeth lived quietly, waiting for her opportunity to succeed. On November. 17, 1558, Mary died and E
KURDISH ISSUE
KURDISH ISSUE
KURDISH ISSUE 1- FACT BASED ISSUES Since the end of World War I, Kurdistan has been administered by five sovereign states, with the largest portions of the land being respectively in Turkey (43%), Iran (31%), Iraq (18%), Syria (6%) and the former Soviet Union (2%). The PKK\'s origins can be traced back to 1974, when ÷calan, in Ankara, led a small group of radicals out of Revolutionary Youth (DEV-GEN«). The Kurdistan Workers Party, Partiya Karkeren Kurdistan (PKK) was established in 1978. ÷calan,
Politics
Politics
Politics Frank Sinatra once said, You\'re riding high in April, shot down in May. But I know I\'m gonna change that tune, when I\'m back on top, back on top in June. Does the epitome of individualism lie in the lyrics of a Las Vegas singer? Is this really how far we must look to find the principles on which this country was created? Unfortunately, this is the case. Social programs implemented by the Federal Government have produced a nation of sniveling crybabies. The concept of rugged individ
Stalinís Purge: The Greater Holocaust
Stalinís Purge: The Greater Holocaust
Stalinís Purge: The Greater Holocaust Joseph Stalin was ruler of the Soviet Union from 1929-1953. While he was in power the Great Depression devastated the world economy, the Nazis invaded the U.S.S.R., Berlin was cut off from the rest of the world, and the Cold War began. In many countries his philosophies were believed to be highly effective, but some of his actions are just being uncovered , and denounced, in Western countries like the United States. One part of Soviet history, only now bei
How Technology Effects Modern America
How Technology Effects Modern America
How Technology Effects Modern America U.S. Wage Trends The microeconomic picture of the U.S. has changed immensely since 1973, and the trends are proving to be consistently downward for the nationís high school graduates and high school drop-outs. Of all the reasons given for the wage squeeze Ė international competition, technology, deregulation, the decline of unions and defense cuts Ė technology is probably the most critical. It has favored the educated and the skilled, says M. B. Zuckerman,
Perception Paradigm
Perception Paradigm
Perception Paradigm Many theories and much research has been conducted on contraception in general, and more recently on condoms in particular, as a result of the AIDS epidemic (Lear, 1995). Condom usage and AIDS education are essential tools for reducing the impact of the disease, yet fewer than one third of sexually active college students report consistent condom use (Seal & Palmer-Seal, 1996). It seems that sexually active individuals rarely discuss safer sex or ask about their partnerís sex
The principle idea found in Sura 2 is not only the
The principle idea found in Sura 2 is not only the
The principle idea found in Sura 2 is not only the notion of Godís omniscience (the fact that he is all knowing), but also the idea of Godís extreme munificence (his giving spirit). The text also stresses two major attitudes found in people; those who are believers (or oneís who trust and serve God) and those who are non-believers (those who doubt God, either openly or in their hearts). Finally, Sura 2 the tells of practices one must perform to show his faith in God and generally how you must go
Anorexia nervosa is refusal to maintain body weigh
Anorexia nervosa is refusal to maintain body weigh
Anorexia nervosa is refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight. Disturbance in the way in which one\'s body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low body weight. This condition is both a physical illness and a psychiatric illness. Anorexia nervosa can be a very severe illness, inclu
The Interpretation of Act V Scene I
The Interpretation of Act V Scene I
The Interpretation of Act V Scene I The Twelfth Night is a Shakespearean romantic comedy that is filled with plenty of humor and lots of deception. It is frequently read as a play about masking, about the conscious and unconscious assumption of false identities and about levels of self-knowledge and self-deception; this theme is played out prominently through Violaís transsexual disguise (Kahn 43). The play is comprised of five acts and numerous scenes. However, I am only going to touch on one o
Hamlet identifies with an adolescent of the 1990ís
Hamlet identifies with an adolescent of the 1990ís
Hamlet identifies with an adolescent of the 1990ís more than he does with the youth of his own time. Hamlet is immature, sarcastic, and takes action during the heat of passion which is very much like the behavior of the youth in the 1990ís. Love, control over action, and the ability to overcome depression are just a few ways to prove maturity. It is obvious Hamlet loves Ophelia in his own way . . . the celestial and my soulís idol, the most beautified Ophelia . . . (Hamlet. II, ii, 109- 110),
Throughout the entire play, Julius Caesar, William
Throughout the entire play, Julius Caesar, William
Throughout the entire play, Julius Caesar, William Shakespeare repeatedly shows a theme of friendship. Living in Rome during 44 B.C., Brutus, an honorable man who starts out friends with both Cassius and Caesar, ends up joining along with Cassius to betray Caesar with assassination. After the assassination, a civil war develops between the traitors and the triumvirate of Antony, Lepidus, and Octavius. Because of some confusion, Cassius ends up committing suicide and again Brutus follows his lead
Theme of False reality in King Lear
Theme of False reality in King Lear
Theme of False reality in King Lear In Shakespearean terms, being blind means something entirely different than our common day view. Blindness can normally be defined as the inability of the eye to see, but according to Shakespeare, blindness is not a physical quality, but a mental flaw some people possess. In other words, itís the ability to see life not from an openly logical point of view, but instead through their emotions and false pretenses that are the base of their societyShakespeareís m
Fear no more
Fear no more
Fear no more By William Shakespeare William Shakespeare utilizes simplistic language to emphasize the themes in Fear no more; however, he exercises complex metaphors to depict the struggles one undergoes during a lifetime and as a result urges the reader to overcome all melancholic sentiments that lead one to oppose a peaceful death. The diction applied in Fear no more efficiently creates emphasis on specific sections of the poem. In addition, the euphonic flow used by Shakespeare illustra
From Heaven to Hell
From Heaven to Hell
From Heaven to Hell In the United States we often look to European and African countries for examples of dictatorship, civil war, inequality and genocide. In the 1990s, several countries experienced mass exodus, civil war, race war, religious war, and genocide. Yugoslaviaís Serbian population attempted to cleanse itself of Muslims and Croats, in Rwanda the Hutu population exterminated almost the entire Tutsi population, while in East Timor and several other countries refugees fled from the tyran
Racism in America
Racism in America
Racism in America To Kill a Mockingbird is a story about bravery and courage in a small town. Racism is present and is the main theme throughout the story. Everyone in Maycomb County is consumed by the hatred and impurities of prejudice, everyone but the main character, Atticus Finch. He was a lawyer in the small Alabama community who helped defend a black man, Tom Robinson, who was accused of raping Mayella Ewell. Atticus goes through some tough times as this trial is going on, as well as his k
HOW USEFUL IS THE TERM ĎCULTURAL REVOLUTIONí
HOW USEFUL IS THE TERM ĎCULTURAL REVOLUTIONí
HOW USEFUL IS THE TERM ĎCULTURAL REVOLUTIONí WHEN APPLIED TO THE SIXTIES? I propose to define and to argue the question How useful is the term ĎCultural Revolutioní when applied to the Sixties? My objective is to include examples from history, history of science and religion. History Ė Mainstream Culture Let us first consider Arthur Marwickís decision to periodise the sixties from 1954 to 1975 and Eric Hobsbawmís periodisation (within his book Age of Extremes, written in 3 parts) with the sixtie
American Women During World War II.
American Women During World War II.
American Women During World War II. America\'s entry into World War II posed opportunities for American women domestically, yet paradoxically heightened fears in the polity about the exact role that women should adopt during wartime. A central issue that dominated women\'s lives during this period was how to combine the private sphere of the home, with the new demands of the war economy in the public sphere. Women made significant gains in the military, the war economy and in some cases, in term
Can Sociology Be Value Free?
Can Sociology Be Value Free?
Can Sociology Be Value Free? Value neutrality is a term used by Weber to indicate the necessary objectivity researchers need when investigating problems in the social sciences. Weber also cautioned against the making of value judgements which coincide with the orientation or motives of the researcher. It is important to note that although Weber believed that value neutrality was the aim of research, his view was that no science is fundamentally neutral and its observational language is never ind
Japanese immigrants and the following generations
Japanese immigrants and the following generations
Japanese immigrants and the following generations had to endure discrimination, racism, and prejudice from white Americans. They were first viewed as economic competition. The Japanese Americans were then forced into internment camps simply because of the whites fear and paranoia. The Japanese first began to immigrate to the United States in 1868. At first they came in small numbers. US Census records show only 55 in 1870 and 2,039 in 1890. After that, they came in much greater numbers, reaching
How Technology Effects Modern America - US Wage Tr
How Technology Effects Modern America - US Wage Tr
How Technology Effects Modern America - US Wage Trends The microeconomic picture of the U.S. has changed immensely since 1973, and the trends are proving to be consistently downward for the nation\'s high school graduates and high school drop-outs. Of all the reasons given for the wage squeeze - international competition, technology, deregulation, the decline of unions and defense cuts - technology is probably the most critical. It has favored the educated and the skilled, says M. B. Zuckerman,
Lincolnís Journey to Emancipation
Lincolnís Journey to Emancipation
Lincolnís Journey to Emancipation He comes to us in the mists of legend as a kind of homespun Socrates, brimming with prarie wit and folk wisdom. There is a counterlegend of Lincoln, one shared ironically enough by many white Southerners and certain black Americans of our time. Neither of these views, of course, reveals much about the man who really lived--legend and political interpretations seldom do. As a man, Lincoln was complex, many-sided, and richly human. He was an intense, brooding pers