Watergate

The Watergate Complex is a series of modern buildings with balconies that looks like
filed down Shark\'s Teeth (Gold, 1). Located on the Potomac River in Washington, D.C.
it contains many hotel rooms and offices. What happened in the complex on June 17,

1972 early in the morning became a very historical event for our nation that no one will
ever forget.

The Watergate Scandal and constitutional crisis that began on June 17, 1972 with the
arrest of five burglars who broke into the Democratic National Committee (DMC)
headquarters at the Watergate office building in Washington D.C. It ended with the
registration of President Richard M. Nixon on August 9, 1974. (Watergate)

At approximately 2:30 in the morning of June 17, 1972 five men were arrested at the

Watergate Complex. The police seized a walkie talkie, 40 rolls of unexposed film, two 35
millimeter cameras, lock picks, pensized teargas guns, and bugging devices. (Gold, 75)

These five men and two co-plotters were indicated in September 1972 on charges of
burglary, conspiracy and wire tapping. Four months later they were convicted and
sentenced to prison terms by District Court Judge John J. Sercia was convinced that
relevant details had not been unveiled during the trial and offered leniency in
exchanged for further information. As it became increasingly evident that the

Watergate burglars were tied closely to the Central Intelligence Agency and the

Committee to re-elect the president. (Watergate)

Four of these men, that were arrested on the morning of June 17, 1972, came from

Miami, Florida. They were Bernard L. Barker, Frank A. Sturgis, Virgillio R. Gonzalez, and

Eugenio R. Martinez. The other man was from Rockville, Maryland named James W.

McCord, Jr. The two co-plotters were G. Gordon Liddy and E. Howard Hunt.
(Watergate)

The senate established and investigative committee headed by Senate Sam Ervin, Jr.,
to look into the growing scandal. As they were investigating, they related that the
famous break-in was far more involved than what everyone had expected. (Watergate)

The White Houses involvement of that morning first became evident when James

McCord wrote a letter to Judge Sirca. In this letter McCord explained that he wanted to
disclose the details of Watergate. He made it apparent that he would not speak to a

Justice department official of an FBI agent. Although his letter did unveil details, it
made server chargers. McCord justified that Political pressure (Westerfled 36) had
generated many defendants to plead guilty and remain silent. He also claimed that
there had been whiteness at the trail who had committed perjury in order to protect
the people who headed the brake-in. McCord declared that he, his family, and his friend
may be in danger if he spoke out. (Westerfled 36-37)

The Senate Watergate Committee saw their chance to unravel the mystery of this
scandal. The offered James McCord a chance to speak publicly. In his first meeting with
representatives of this committee he named two more people that he claimed were
involved in the burglary and cover-up. Theses two men were John Dean and Jeb

Margruder. Margruder was the second-in-charge of the CRP and Dean was a White

House aid. After hearing these substantial accusations the Senate Watergate

Committee promptly subpoenaed John Dean and Jeb Margruder. (Westerfled 37-38).

After the next session with James McCord he took the whiteness stand and explained
how Liddy had promised him an executive pardon if he would plead guilty. This began to
question the a White House involvement since only the president could present such a
pardon. (Westerfled, 40)

Jeb Margruder was the next witness to testify. He admitted his own perjury to the

Grand Jury and verified what McCord had said. While on the stand he also revealed
another name to add to the list of those involved, John Mitchell. (Gold, 246-247)

The next witness scheduled to appear was John Dean. In Dean\'s testimony he exposed
that the Watergate burglary had been only a part of a greater abuse of power. He said
that for four years the White House had used the powers of the presidency to attack
political enemies. They spied on and harassed anyone who did not agree with Nixon\'s
policies. If a reporter wrote stories criticizing the White House they would be singled
out for tax investigations. The White House also kept an Enemies List (Westerfled 43)
of people that the presidents men wanted revenge on. After being fired, dean kept
official documents that supported his statements. (Westerfled 43-44; Gold 309-330)

John Dean said, is his opening statements, that he had discussed the cover-up with
president Nixon in several meetings. At the first meeting, in September