"The path of true love never did run smooth" In the light of this view, consider ways in which writers present the theme of love. In your answer, compare one drama text and one poetry text from the above lists.

In both ‘She Stoops to Conquer' by Oliver Goldsmith and ‘Twice' by Christina Rossetti the theme of love is tackled, however neither writers are able to do this without any implications. Whilst Goldsmith uses these complications to employ comedic value, Rossetti directs her attention to God and combats the hardships of devotion.
In ‘She Stoops to Conquer' Kate and Marlow love each other but Kate disguises herself as a barmaid to allow Marlow to fall for her, Goldsmith also adds the complications of social class and the unconventional coupling of Charles Marlow and a barmaid. This is alike Constance and Hasting whom both love each other yet are troubled by Constance's decision to stay and get the jewels rather than leave for France and get married like Hastings wants. Whereas, Rossetti presents the reader with the transfer of affection from an unrequited source to God and allows God to see all of her and judge her on this, yet we find that her devotion allows her to get over the emotional pain that was caused.


Unable to truly be together as themselves in the beginning, Kate must hide her true self and become the one thing that will allow her to gain Marlow's affections a "creature of another stamp". Due to her upper-class upbringing, Marlow is unable to talk to her as he becomes a "stuttering" fool. As Kate crosses social boundaries to try to conquer Marlow, the theme of love ignoring social boundaries is well expressed. 
However, in the presence of "another kind" Marlow is enticed by the ‘barmaid', similarly to how Kate is more attracted to "Mr Brazen" rather than the "modest man" he was on the first occasion they met. Goldsmith uses this attraction to cement the comedy. In comparison, Rossetti's ‘Twice' the speaker reveals her true self to one man first, he is critical and states that "it is still unripe" therefore creating the understanding that this could signify a lack of purity, which was in the Victorian era frowned upon and a sin, however it could suggest that the speaker is just not ready for that kind of love, similar to Marlow and how he is unable to love a "modest woman" that isn't his mother. The speaker then goes on to ask God to "judge me now" allowing God to criticise all he wants; this could be because the speaker is confident and ready to acknowledge the mistakes made. This is unlike Kate who may not be as confident in herself as she disguises her identity for the sake of gaining a man's affection. This hiding of identity creates further complications in the play as Kate must convince her father and Marlow's father that he is a somewhat good man. The last line of the stanza states that the speaker "shall not question much" this confirms that the speaker has faith in God but still may question her devotion to him in the future, this highlights to the reader that the relationship is not unbreakable showing that the path of true love is not smooth.


Another couple in She Stoops to Conquer are Constance and Hastings. They are in love, but Constance was supposed to be wed to Tony, therefore they are unable to tell anyone of their love, for she would be taken away by her aunt. Hastings has the desire to run away together to elope, however Constance wants her jewels, this creates an impediment. This could suggest the fact that Constance doesn't truly love Hastings and rather loves her jewels more, on the other hand, she is pragmatic and independent and knows that they won't "get far" with what they have so they need the jewels, thus re-establishing that their love is real. Similarly, the speaker in ‘Twice' could be seen as pragmatic in her love also, "broke, but I did not wince;" this could show that this fallen women who was wronged by a man is characterised as strong by Rossetti rather than