The conflict in ideologies between capitalism and communism
resulted in one of the greatest conflicts of the twentieth century.

The belief that freedom and democracy would die under
communist rule caused the United States to start a conflict that
would last for decades. The decisions made by the United States
in W.W.II caused tensions to rise between the U. S. and the

Soviet Union. Fear of Communism in capitalist nations, caused
the United states government to use propaganda to raise Cold

War anxieties. Furthermore, the American media influenced the
attitudes of Americans, making a hatred of communism spread
though the nation. Thus, the United States caused the conflict
known as the Cold War, through its political policy and

The political relations going on in Europe during and
directly after World War II had an enormous effect on laying the
foundation for the Cold War. War time conferences such as Yalta
and Terhran harshened the relationship between the communists
and the capitalists. At the end of W.W.II American policy
towards the Soviets changed drastically. The change in president
in 1945 caused relations with Russia to worsen. Furthermore,
other political contributions to the Cold War entailed the Truman

Doctrine and the Marshall Plan. The division of Europe between
the west and east drew physical borders which outlined that the
war of misinformation that had began. Also treaties of the post
war world further separated the two super powers of the world
for the decades to follow. The waging of hot wars through other
countries also strengthened Cold War hatred.(1)

The first of the cold war tensions arose out of W.W.II
conferences between the Soviet Union, America and, Great

Britain. Tehran, the first major conference which lead America to
start the Cold War, included all three of these nations. At this
conference the reshaping of post-war Europe was discussed (2)

Later in February of 1945, the big three met again at Yalta. At
this conference European boundaries, German reparations, and

Polish elections were agreed upon.(3) Stalin, the Russian leader,
agreed to hold free and fair elections. Later after Roosevelt, who
attended these conferences, died Truman became president. He
accused the Soviet leader, Stalin, of not holding up to his
agreements at Yalta.(4) Stalin wanted to use Poland as a buffer
zone to prevent any future invasions from happening through this
area. During W.W.II the Soviets had lost 27 million, and Stalin
made it clear that in no way would he allow this to happen
again.(5) Stalin responded to Trumanís accusation with the
following words, "I am ready to fulfill your request and do
everything possible to reach a harmonious solution. But you
demand too much of me. In other words, you demand that I
renounce the interests of security of the Soviet Union, but I
cannot turn against my country."(6) On the other hand, American

General Lucius Clay, who was stationed in post war Germany
commented " we must have the courage to proceed quickly with
the establishment of a government for western Germany...42
million Germans in the British and American zones represent
today the strongest outpost against Communist penetration that
exists anywhere."(7) At this response Truman changed his
attitude toward the Soviets with the words, " there isnít any
difference between the totalitarian Russian government and the

Hitler government."(8) Furthermore, America decided to keep

Stalin out of the loop about the Manhattan project, which
furthered distrust, because Stalin learn about the bomb through
espionage. Trumanís change in attitude toward Stalin, from that
of FDRís negotiation with "Uncle Joe" to one committed to
stopping the Soviet cause, led to the creation of a new American
anti-Soviet political policy.

The Truman Doctrine, the name given to the policy
established by Truman, would soon arise in American foreign
policy. This Truman Doctrine came out of a speech the Truman
gave to a joint session of congress. It was the response Truman
gave to Britain, which delcared that they no longer could give
military and economic aid to Greece.(9) In this speech Truman
finally gave the Cold War official status, by stating the threat
that the Soviet government had on national security. In

Trumanís actual words he said, "I believe that it must be the
policy of the United States to support free peoples who are
resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by
outside pressures."(10) Congress, knowing that Great Britain
would no longer give aid the Turkey and Greece, realized that
these nations would soon turn to communism. Thus, they
decided to appropriate four hundred million dollars to help in the
aid of Turkey and Greece.(11). To support Trumanís policy

Senator Author Vandenburg stated " its time to scare the hell out
of the American people with tales of communism on the
march."(12) Thus, America was further contributed