Greenpeace History The year 1996 is a year of celebration for greenpeace. They are
celebrating their 25th year anniversary. Everything startde in 1969; Members were part of
the ‘’Don’t make a wave’’ committee in vancouver. This committee was founded by Jim

Bohlen. He was a forty-three year old American and was a composite-materials
researcher. Another founder of the committee was Irving Stowe; he was a Philadelphia
lawyer. A jew who had joined the Quaker religion. Paul Cote, a canadian lawyer in his
mid twenties who had just gotten out of shool when he joined the committee. During this
year, the United States had chosen to test its nuclear arsenal in Amchtka, which is a small
island off the west cost of alaska. This was a home for many animals including eagles,
falcons, endangered sea otters,etc... These three men decided to produce means to end
nuclear testing in Amchitka.Next they decided to sail a boat they’d name it Greenpeace
because they wanted the earth to be green and yhey wanted peace. It was Bill Darnell
who came upwith that name. Suddenly, more peaple joined the commitee to stop nuclear
testing in Amchitka, including Terry Simmons, a cultural geographer. Bohlen and Stowe
were attracting journalist, columnist, writer, anyone who had somthing to do in the media.

It took them two years to get them ready for their journey towards justice for a land.

Bohlen and cote were in charge of fiding a boat. Meanwhile, Stowe took care of fiding the
money. He used contacts from the United States; he was a very serious man and did
everything possible to get the money they needed, he even organized a benefit concert
which made seventeen thousand dollars. The first boat they found Phylis Cormack was
first seen as old and used that wasn’t going to be capable of sailing to Amchitka, so they
weren’t sure of using this boat; it would carry twelve crew members and the trip would
last six weeks. During this year the ‘’Don’t Make a Wave’’ committee changed their
name to Greenpeace foundation. The day of the Greenpeace departu! re to Amchitka, it
was allover the news , everybody wanted a story on it. During their voyage they ran
through some complications and the day they were suppose to be in Amchitka they were
miles away from it.In that year, Greenpeace I (the Philys Cormack) and the Greenpeace
two (the Edgewater Fortune) finally sailed toward Amchitka. During their voyage, they
stayed with the cree Indians who described to them the legend of ‘’( UNESCO Courrier,

1994:p38 ). From then they were looked upon as the Rainbow Warriors since their goal
was to help the environment from unfortunate diasters. Unfortunately, their first voyage
was defeated but the American government announced the ending of nuclear tests, whaling
fleets, protection for seals, etc.... In 1972, Greenpeace III was sent ( the Vega ) to sail to

Moruroa Atoll in France Polynesia to stop french atmospheric nuclear tests. On board of
this boat David Mctaggart, a Canadian founder of Greenpeace. The french Marine’s
reaction to the greenpeace boat was very aggresive so the Vega turned back to were it
came from. But that wasn’t the end, in 1973 , David Mctaggart went back but was
severely beaten by the French Marine. Word got around fast and it was all the madia it
gave a bad reputation to the French government. In 1975, France announced the of
atmospheric blasting but transfers the testing underground. This was Greenpeace’s first
victory.Greenpeace was expanding all around the world : Canada, Australia, England,

Scotland, U.S.A ,Europe, Danmark, Germany, U.S.S.R, Spain, Japan, Mexico,

Antartica, etc... I will write some of their past realisations: In 1977; three Toronto

Greenpeacers invaded by canoe the ungarded Bruce Nuclear Power Station on Lake

Huron to expose the reactors vulnerability to attack. In 1979; Canadian Greenpeacers
parachute into the world’s largest nuclear power plant constuction site at Darlington,

Ontario as part of a mass ocupation with other antinuclear groups. In 1980; the Rainbow

Warrior boat is seized and held for several months by the Spanish government for
interferring with illegal Spanish whaling operations.Five months later, the shipand crew
mae a daring night time escape pursued by the Spanish Navy. In 1982; two Canadian

Greenpeacers activists spend three days on top of a 650ft Ontario Hydro smoke-attack at

Nanticoke,puting on sale of electricity to the U.S wich increased acid rain in Ontario. The
biggest and foremost concern of Greenpeace is the environment. They risk their lives just
to ensure the security of the planet we live in.