AIDS and STD Education

Adults (over the age of 18) from the _________ company and other
peope who I know were randomly assigned to receive the survey. The
group includes married males and females as well as single male and
females. There are 19 female and 31 male subjects.

A survey consisting of twenty statements concerning sexually
transmitted disease and HIV infection. The survey was designed by
myself . The purpose of the survey is to measure participants
awareness of AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases. I am trying to
show that people are not well informed about subjects such as condom
use, condom use and alcohol, transmission of sexual diseases, and the
magnitude of the AIDS problem. Subjects are asked to choose the level
with which they agree or disagree with each statement. There are two
levels of agreement and two levels of disagreement. See appendix A. A
consent form was signed by all participants. See appendix B.

Results
t-test*: t (48) = -2.2185, p * .0313
| | |
df cv pv

Variable N Mean Std Dev.

Minimum Maximum

Q1 50 1.420 0 .810

1.00 4.00

Q10 49 1.408 0.810

1.00 4.00

Q15 50 1.320 0 .621

1.00 4.00

Q3 48 3.396 0.869

1.00 4.00

Q9 50 3.240 0.822

1.00 4.00

Q6 50 3.220 0.834

1.00 4.00

Q16 50 3.100 0.621

1.00 4.00

Methods

Subjects

Adults (over the age of 18) from the company and other
people who I know were randomly assigned to receive the survey. The
group includes married males and females as well as single male and
females. There are 19 female and 21 male subjects. Ages ranged from
late teens to early fifties, with the majority being in their twenties.

Independent variable

Questions 6, 9, 13, and 16 on the survey.

I would be comfortable eating lunch with someone with HIV or AIDS.

I would be comfortable shaking hands with someone who has AIDS.

I am very well informed about HIV, AIDS and other sexually transmitted
diseases.

I would not have unprotected sex with someone unless they got tested
first.

Dependent Variable.

Awareness and education of AIDS and sexually transmitted disease.

Operational Definition

Awareness and education of AIDS and sexually transmitted disease equals
a total score of 12 or higher on questions 6, 9, 13, and 16 of the
survey.

Procedures

A survey consisting of twenty statements concerning sexually
transmitted disease and AIDS was given to fifty subjects. A t test was
performed on the results as well as a comparison of male vs. Female
scores on the Awareness and Education variable.

Discussion

Results of the survey have shown a need for additional education of
males concerning AIDS awareness and education. Females, (89%) did very
well on the variable which was measured for satisfactory knowledge and
awareness of AIDS and sexually transmitted disease. Males, (65%) did
also score well on this variable. This leaves us with 35% of the males
needing more education and 11% of the females needing to increase there
awareness and education. The rather large number of males needing
further education tend to support my hypotheses that yes more education
is necessary. I was pleased to see that on the whole, people are better
informed than I had originally hypothesized as demonstrated by the
scores reported for specific question. The lowest score or strongest
disagreement was on the statement that AIDS was no longer a big issue.

People also realize that just having one sex partner at a time is not
enough to protect you from AIDS as demonstrated by their response to
number 10. The strongest agreement with statements on the survey
concerned worrying about children's future.

This being the case, why is it that behavior as is described in my
research does not reflect this knowledge? People know what they need to
do to reduce their chances of exposure to AIDS and sexually transmitted
disease but they fail to do it. The research concentrated on students
who are exposed to much more information about AIDS than adults who are
out of the educational system. Further education about the dangers of
unprotected sex is needed as the study suggest, but we also need to
understand why education is not enough. We desperately need to develop
behaviors which will protect us from sexually transmitted disease and

AIDS.

Education Needed for

AIDS, HIV and Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases are a major health concern for our
country. With the
spread of AIDS among so many people, both gay and heterosexual, it is
important that we
understand how these diseases spread and what we can do to prevent
them. Continuing
efforts to educate college students about the dangers of unprotected
sex have resulted in
little evidence of positive change in sexual behavior (Saywer & Moss,

93).

During the 1980s, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, the
cause of AIDS,
emerged as a leading cause of death in the